Caribbean Sea. Sailing & Cruising Information. St Christopher & Nevis


   
   
Background St. Kitts and Nevis is situated in the North-eastern Caribbean Sea. With a combined area of 267 sq. km the country is composed of oval-shaped St. Christopher (St.Kitts island) and circle-shaped Nevis to the southeast. A volcanic mountain chain dominates the central part of both islands. The capital, Basseterre, is located on St. Kitts.
Official Name: Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis
Capital: Basseterre (St. Kitts); Charlestown (Nevis). Population: 44,000
Currency: Eastern Caribbean Dollar (ECD)
Exchange Rate: U.S. 1$ = $2.70 EC
Time Zone: EST + 1; GMT -4
 
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8.32 Saint Christopher (Saint Kitts) (17°20'N.,62°45'W.), of volcanic origin, and lies about 6.5 miles SE of Saint Eustatius. The island is nearly divided into two parts at its SE end, being connected by a narrow neck of sand.
8.32 Mount Liamuiga (Mount Misery) (17°22'N., 62°48'W.) rises conspicuously to form the summit of the rugged central ridge at the NW part of the island. The summit is usually covered with clouds.
8.32 Further SE a radio mast stands at the summit of Ottleys Hill. A light is shown from a tower 2 miles E of Monkey Hill just E of the airport. Brimstone Hill, 2.5 miles SW of Mount Misery, is prominent and easily identified by fortifications on its summit.
8.32 Sandy Point Village is situated about 1.5 miles NW of Brimstone Hill. A short pier, on which a light is exhibited, lies at the N end of the village. A church, having a yellow tower with a red top, stands about 0.5 mile SE of the pier.
8.32 Anchorage.—The best anchorage lies off the village, in depths from 9 to 11m. Good marks for anchor bearing are reported to be the village church and a short pier which shows
a light. 8.32 Temporary anchorage can be taken in Old Road Bay, 2.5 miles SE of Brimstone Hill, in depths of 16.5 to 18.3m, a short distance SE of the village, and about 0.3 mile offshore.
8.32 Small craft can find good anchorage in Ballast Bay 0.6 mile NNE of Rock Point (17°14'N., 62°39'W.), in depths from 2.7 to 5.5m, sand, and also in the bay 0.4 mile NNW of Horse Shoe Point, in a depth of 5.5m, sand bottom.
8.32 Majors Bay, on the E side of Horse Shoe Point, provides sheltered anchorage for small craft at the N end of the bay, in a depth of about 4.6m.
8.32 Caution.—Caution is advised as the hydrography is incomplete around Saint Christopher and Nevis.

8.33 Basseterre (17°18'N., 62°43'W.) (World Port Index No. 11400) is the capital of Saint Christopher and is situated on the SW side of the island, at the head of Basseterre Bay. The
bay forms an open roadstead and is free from dangers, except for two dangerous wrecks, best seen on the chart.
8.33 Depths—Limitations.—Saint Kitts Deep Water Port, has a main berth, which at the SW end, has a length of 122m and a depth of 7.3m alongside. A mooring buoy extends the berth to accommodate larger vessels.
8.33 The ro-ro terminal, NE of the main berth, is 120m in length with a depth alongside of 5.5m, and is designed to take ro-ro ships, containers, and flat-top barges. With the aid of berthing dolphins, it is possible to accommodate vessels up to 213m in length.
8.33 Port Zante Cruise Terminal has been constructed WNW of Saint Kitts Deep Water Port. The terminal is designed to accommodate vessels of 274m length and 74,000 tons displacement. It is reported (2002) that vessels up to 313m in length and a draft of 8.5m can be accommodated, but further information should be obtained from the Port Authorities.
8.33 Aspect.—Conspicuous objects include the white chimney of a sugar factory, 86.3m high, about 0.5 mile NNE of the E end of the town; the obelisk of the War Memorial about 0.2 mile NE of Fort Thomas Light; and a sugar warehouse, on the E side of the bay, 0.4 mile N of Fort Smith.
8.33 Pilotage.—Pilotage is not compulsory. The boarding ground is situated about 1 mile SSE of Port Zante Cruise Terminal. Vessels should send their ETA 24 hours prior to arrival. Tugs are not available but a launch can be used to assist in berthing. 8.33 Anchorage.—Anchorage can be taken, in 14.6 to 16.5m, sand, with the conspicuous obelisk bearing 306°, distance 0.7 mile.
8.33 Good anchorage for small vessels may be found, in depths of 9.1 to 11m, with the cupola on the Treasury building bearing 000°, distance 0.2 mile.
8.34 The Narrows (17°13'N., 62°37'W.) is the name given to the channel between the SE end of Saint Christopher and the NW extremity of the island of Nevis. The channel is about 1.7 miles wide and is navigable by vessels drawing up to 5.5m with local knowledge.
8.34 Good anchorage can be obtained in the W part of the channel, in a depth of 11m, with Mosquito Bluff bearing 022°, and the N extremity of Nevis bearing 087°, good holding ground.

8.35 Nevis (17°09'N., 62°34'W.), a British island, lies almost 2 miles SE of Saint Christopher, and is of volcanic
origin. Nevis Peak rises in the center of the island and is mostly cloud covered. Hurricane Hill (Round Hill) stands on the N side of the island and is easily identified, being large, and rising to a peak.
8.35 Nevis is reef-fringed except for a short stretch on the NW side and should not be approached in depths of less than 20m unless proceeding to the anchorage off Charlestown.
8.35 A light is exhibited from off Dogwood Point approximately 2.7 miles SSE of Fort Charles.
8.36 Charlestown (17°08'N., 62°37'W.) (World Port Index
No. 11410), the capital of Nevis, is situated on the W coast of the island. A concrete pier, projects 118m from the coast, with depths from 3.4 to 4.5m alongside. Landing steps on the N side of its head projects abreast the town.

Nevis Peak
8.36 A prominent radio mast stands near the root of the pier. Two oil tanks, are situated close S of the root of the pier.
8.36 Pilots board about 2 miles S of Charlestown.
8.36 Signals.—A pennant is displayed when winds between 28 and 33 knots are expected. A red flag with black center is displayed when winds between 34 to 63 knots are expected. When a hurricane is expected two red flags with black centers are displayed; at night red flares are used. All signals are displayed from the Belfry, approximately 1.5 miles NNE of the root of the pier.
8.36 Anchorage.—During the prevailing NE winds, anchorage can be taken 0.5 mile W of the pier off Charlestown, in 9.1 to 11m.
8.36 Caution.—In has been reported (1992) that two mooring buoys, about 90m apart, lie about 0.1 mile offshore from a petroleum tank farm, 0.8 mile SSE from Fort Charles Radio Station Light in the vicinity of Long Point.

8.37 Redonda (16°56'N., 62°21'W.), a barren rocky islet, lies about 15 miles SE of Nevis.
8.37 Redonda stands on a detached bank with depths on it between 43.9 to 54.9m.
8.37 The bank extends 9 miles N and 4 miles SW of the islet. The only landing place is a small pier on the S side.
8.37 Anchorage.—Anchorage can be taken, in 32.9 to 36.6m, sand, about 0.3 mile NW of the pier.
8.37 Pinnacle Rock lies 0.2 mile off the SE side of Redonda.

   

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