A coral island with a small population of 150 people. Its highest point is only 28 feet above sea level and it can barely be seen on the horizon when approached by sea. It's known for its miles of endless white sand beaches and the horseshoe reef, which in years past has ensnared hundreds of shipwrecks. Today this reef makes the island a popular dive area.
(18°44'N., 64°20'W.), on the W side of Anegada Passage (Sombrero Passage), is the N and E of the British Virgin Islands. It is about 9.1m high for the most part, and except for a few places which have been cleared for cultivation, is covered with brushwood. The principal settlement is on the S side of the island.
The island is completely surrounded by reefs. The N side is fringed by a narrow barrier reef and is clear of off-lying dangers.
The S side is foul up to 3.5 miles offshore, and has numerous coral heads fronting the shore. The depths off the N and E sides of the island within Virgin Bank decrease so rapidly that soundings are of little use
- Horse Shoe Reef (18°37'N., 64°13'W.), a dangerous reef upon which the sea breaks even in the finest weather, extends SE from East Point, the SE extremity of Anegada. It then recurves for 4.5 miles SW terminating in Herman Reefs. The sea only breaks on Herman Reefs with a swell or strong breeze.
- White Horse is a heap of white dead coral, about 0.9m high, lying about 2 miles WSW of the SE extremity of Horse Shoe reef, and two similar heaps, up to 0.6m high, lie within 0.3 mile S of it. They are not visible from any distance and periodically disappear below the surface.
Two stranded wrecks lay on the E edge of the coral heads on Horse Shoe Reef, 1.7 miles ENE and 4.7 miles NNW, respectively, of White Horse.
- Hawkes Bill Bank, with a least depth of 4.9m, Robert Reef, with a depth of 8.9m, and Fox Rock, with a depth of 8.2m lie respectively 4 miles WNW, 4 miles W, and 5 miles W of Herman Reefs.
Anchorage. — Vessels can anchor, in 11.9m, with West End, the W extremity of Anegada, bearing 338° and East Point bearing 072°.
Another good anchorage is found with West End bearing 328° and East Point bearing 050°.
- A vessel anchored with West End bearing 036° distant 1.7 miles, in 10m, good holding ground.
- There is good anchorage for small craft, 2 miles ESE of West End, in a depth of 2.4m, which is approached through a shallow buoyed channel in the reef.
- Good temporary anchorage can be taken, in 9.1 to 11m, about 1 mile W of West End, but only when there are no rollers.
Caution.— Anegada is low, with no prominent landmarks; the strength and irregularity of the tidal currents in its vicinity make the approach to it, at night, extremely dangerous, unless very certain of the ship’s position.
- By day, however, the risk is not so great in clear weather, as Virgin Peak on Virgin Gorda is an excellent landmark.
- Vessels approaching the anchorages should use caution in rounding West End and the shoal ground extending S and SW of it. Vessels should take soundings continuously and should not approach these anchorages in depths of less than 9.1m.
- Three submarine cables lie W of the W end of Anegada Island as shown on the chart.