Anguilla (18°13'N., 63°03'W.) is the
N of the Leeward Islands positioned 30 miles SE of Sombrero Island.
Anguilla is low and flat in appearance.
Road Bay, on the NW side of the island, is a port of entry. The island
should only be approached in daylight; because of its low elevation it is
hard to identify at night.
A light is displayed from Snake Point, at the NE tip of the island.
Depths less than charted have been reported in the area of the island,
therefore, vessels with drafts greater than 12m are advised to keep
outside the 100m curve where possible.
Dog Island (18°17'N., 63°15'W.) is
covered with brushwood and grass, and lies about 8 miles NW of the SW
extremity of Anguilla. Its SE side is steep-to except for Bay Rock, about
0.2 mile off the S side. Landing can be made abreast this rock.
A number of cays lie off the coast of Dog Island and can best be seen on
the chart. Dog Island Channel, lies between Dog Island and Prickly Pear
The fairway has a width of 2 miles with depths of 13.1 to 19.5m. Vessels
should pass W of Dog Island unless the sea in the channel is calm. Flirt
Rocks, two in number, lie close together N of Prickly Pear Cays.
Pear Cays (18°15'N., 63°10'W.) are two islets separated by a narrow
boat passage. Both islets are covered in brush, the W cay being longer and
narrower than the E cay. A small rock, 2m high, called North Cay lies N of
the E cay.
Seal Island Reefs (18°17'N., 63°06'W.)
extend about 5.5 miles E from Flirt Rocks. The E end of the reefs form the
NW side of Northern Channel which leads into Crocus Bay. The reefs are
dangerous to approach at night from the N as the bottom does not shelve
sufficiently to indicate its proximity, there being depths of 25 to 29m
close to the edge of the reef and also within 4 miles to the N of the
Seal Island (18°16'N., 63°09'W.) lies on the S side of Seal Island
Reefs, 1.5 miles E of the reefs W extremity. 8.16 A small group of rocks
lie 0.3 mile W of Seal Island. North Wager is a small dark rock lying
about 0.7 mile SSW of the W end of Seal Island.
Scrub Island (18°17'N., 62°57'W.)
lies off the NE end of Anguilla and is separated from it by a narrow
passage with a depth of 11m in the fairway. The island is covered with
brushwood and stunted trees. 8.17 The sea breaks heavily on steep-to rocks
which extend 0.5 mile from the E end of Scrub Island. The island is a
hillock of white rock, which is very distinct when the sun is shining on
it. Landing is possible on the beach on the SW side of the island. A
stranded wreck is located near Graften’s Point at the E end of the island.
8.17 Little Scrub Islet is black and precipitous, and lies off the NW side
of Scrub Island.
Middle Bank (18°15'N., 63°05'W.) a
narrow ledge in Northern Channel, has a least depth of 6.6m. The bottom of
the bank is distinctly visible and heavy seas frequently break on it in
winter. Dowling Shoal, lies about 2.5 miles W of Crocus Bay. The shoal and
Sandy Island at the NE end of the shoal are incorporated into a Marine
Sanctuary as best seen on the chart. A patch of the shoal is awash on its
The shores of Crocus Bay (18°13'N., 63°05'W.) are steep-to and
heavily wooded. On the NE and S sides of the bay there are high white
cliffs which stand out clearly.
At the head of the bay there is a sandy beach from which a broad road,
clearly visible from the W, leads to the principal settlement of the
island. In the settlement there is a conspicuous high tree which, with the
road, enables Crocus Bay to be identified from seaward. A Marine
Sanctuary, best seen on the chart, has been established in the N half of
Road Bay lies S of a heavily wooded peninsula 2 miles SW of Flat
Cap Point. At the head of the bay is sandy beach, behind which is the
small village of Sandy Ground. There is a church, with a white roof and
small darker spire, in South Hill village on the hill behind the S end of
Road Ground, with a depth of 4.8m, lies 0.3 mile off the S entrance point
of Road Bay. Road Point Light is obscured over Road Ground. The light is
difficult to identify in daylight due to the surrounding vegetation.
Apart from this shoal, depths of 5m or more can be carried into the bay
until Road Point bears 013°, when depths shoal gradually towards the
beach. The deepest water is at the S end of the bay. A stranded wreck is
found in the SE part of the bay.
Road Bay is the main port of the island. Several trading schooners will
usually be found at anchor up to 0.2 mile offshore. Ships entering the bay
at night are cautioned that these schooners do not normally exhibit
It has been reported that heavy, floating, but partly-submerged unmarked
objects have been encountered in the vicinity of these schooners. It is
advisable to navigate with caution in Road Bay with a good lookout in the
Anchorage.—Good anchorage, undisturbed by rollers, can be obtained,
in depths from 15 to 25m, sand, anywhere between Prickly Pear Cays and
Crocus Bay, S of the parallel of North Wager.
Good anchorage can be obtained in the approach to Road
Bay, in a depth of 16.8m, sand, good holding ground, about 0.5 mile W of
Road Point. With a NE wind a moderate ground swell is sometimes
experienced in this anchorage. 8.17 A vessel should approach from W with
Flat Cap Point ahead, bearing 093°, which course leads 1 mile N of Dowling
Shoal. When Road Point bears 157°, the vessel should steer 170°, anchoring
when the church bears 118° and Flat Cap Point bears 047°.
Small vessels can obtain good anchorage in Road Bay according to draft. A
vessel found comfortable anchorage, in a depth of 6m, about 0.2 mile SW of
Caution.—Rapid coral growth in the area N of Road Bay and
Crocus Bay was reported. New coral heads have been discovered within 0.2
mile of the S edge of Seal Island Reefs. Vessels are advised to navigate
with extreme caution in the area.
Island lies close off the SW end of Anguilla. A light is shown from
the NW tip of the island.
Anguilla Channel (18°09'N., 63°05'W.)
leads between Anguilla and Saint Martin with fairway depths of 18.2m and
deeper. The channel is free of charted dangers, however, this is based on
a mid nineteenth century vintage lead line survey and isolated shoal areas
may exist in the passage.
The SE coast of Anguilla is fronted by a steep-to coral reef, which
extends up to 0.2 mile offshore in places. Rendezvous Bay offers shelter
to small vessels with local knowledge.
An oil terminal has been established in Corito Bay (18°10.4'N.,
63°03.2'W.). Four oil tanks have been established on shore and a submarine
pipeline extends 244m SSE from the shore.
The seaward end of the pipeline is marked by a floating pontoon and three
mooring buoys are situated 122m farther S